American Guinea Hogs
We have been working diligently with our Guinea Hog Herd
and have had amazing results. We have increased our herd
and now have breeding stock gilts and sows available. We
have great diversity including the small and large bones
body type, and several with the curly hair gene.
include Sedgwick, Setty, Hale, Celesky, Biggers, Watkins,
Reed, Brown, Keene & Sumrall.
have several Guinea Hogs who possess the rare "Blue"
are interested in raising Guinea Hogs or want to increase
your existing herd, please contact
us. You can also go to our "How
to Buy Livestock" page for more details.
The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy:
American Guinea Hog is a small, black breed of swine that
is unique to the United States. Also known as the Pineywoods
Guinea and Guinea Forest Hog, the breed was popular for
a long period of time in America, but today is nearly extinct.
Hogs were imported from West Africa to America in conjunction
with the slave trade. The imports were documented as early
as 1804 by Thomas Jefferson and other Virginia farmers.
These large, square animals were called Red Guineas, because
they had red or sandy colored hair. Red Guineas were common
throughout the mid-Atlantic region during the 1800's. The
breed disappeared as a distinct population, however, in
the 1880's, when most of the red breeds and types of hogs
in the eastern United States were combined to form the Jersey-Duroc
name Guinea occurs again a few decades later in the South-eastern
US, though describing a different animal entirely-a small,
black hog common on homesteads across the region. Guinea
hogs were expected to forage for their own food, eat rodents
and other small animals, grass, roots and nuts, and clean
out garden beds. The hogs were also kept in the yard where
they would eat snakes, and thus create a safe zone around
guineas were hardy and efficient, gaining well on the roughest
of forage, and producing the hams, bacon and lard essential
for subsistence farming.
hogs were widespread, and descriptions of them varied. Generally,
hogs were small, weighing 100-300 pounds, and black or bluish
black in color. They had upright ears, a hairy coat and
curly tail. Beyond this, conformation varies, as hogs could
have short or long snouts, and be "big boned",
"medium boned", or "fine boned". It
is likely that many strains of Guinea hogs existed. Since
most of these are extinct, it is now impossible to weave
together all the threads of the guinea hog history into
a single neat piece.
guinea hog became rare in recent decades as the habitat
of the homestead hog disappeared, and it survived only in
the most isolated parts of the Southeast. During the 1980's,
new herds of guinea hogs were established, partly in response
to the pet pig market.
mysteries confuse the breed's history. The relationship
between the historic Red Guinea and the Guinea Hog may be
simply the common use of the term "Guinea" to
refer to an African origin. "Guinea" may also
refer to the small size of the hogs, somewhat akin to the
description of miniature Florida Cracker and Pineywoods
cattle as "guinea cows". The guinea hog may or
may not be related to the Essex, a small black English breed
that was imported into the US around 1820, and used in the
development of the Hampshire. Essex hogs were found in the
Southeast around 1900, though the breed's history is obscure.
Guinea Essex were used in research at Texas A&M University
in the 1960's, though there is little information available
about those hogs.
the guinea hog would greatly benefit from additional research
and description, it is clear that the breed is genetically
distinct from improve breeds of hogs and merits conservation.
Like other traditional lard-type breeds however, the guinea
hog faces great obstacles to it's conservation. These hogs
do not produce a conventional market carcass, since they
are smaller and more fatty than is commonly preferred today.
Guinea hogs are, however, appropriate for use in diversified,
sustainable agriculture. They would be an excellent choice
where there is need for services of a hog -such as grazing,
rooting, tilling compost and garden soil, and pest control-and
also the desire for a small breed. Under such husbandry,
Guinea hogs would thrive.